Community Models for the Energy Transition through Social Innovation

Project description: COMETS aims to fill the knowledge and participatory gaps surrounding the low carbon energy system transition to ensure citizens are at the center of the transformation and empower their creative potential. COMETS will advance the scientific knowledge on the motives, potential, objectives and barriers of socially innovative Collective Action Initiatives (CAIs) and their historical and future role in the energy transition. This will be achieved by quantifying the European-wide aggregate contribution of CAIs (e.g. energy communities, cooperatives, purchasing groups) to the energy transition at national and European levels. The information gathered and tested throughout the project will help to co-develop and test supportive tools together with CAI members, policy makers and the scientific community. These stakeholders will then be able to exploit the main outputs of COMETS in order to mobilize people and to guarantee acceptance for and participation in the energy transition process.

Project is funded by European Commission through Horizon 2020 programme

Project budget: 3 000 000 €
TREA budget: 188 160 €

Project duration: 01.05.2019-30.04.2022

Project aims:  Citizens’ participation on low carbon energy transition

Project home page:

Project results:

  • Developing an enhanced, up-to-date definition of CAIs in the energy sector;
  • Produce a European-wide inventory of CAIs to be continuously updated;
  • Reports on CAIs determinants, contributions and performance;
  • Survey to provide more in-depth knowledge of the CAIs listed in the inventory;
  • Manuals on providing a strategic roadmap for supporting social innovation in the energy sector.
  • Case studies on existing CAIs that will be involved in co-producing knowledge and co-design scaling up strategies;
  • Frontier case studies of CAIs in the energy field;
  • Supporting an open-sourced virtual platform for CAIs roadmaps, knowledge and development.

Projekti partnerid:

  • University of Torino (IT);
  • Fundación Tecnalia Research & Innovation (ES);
  • Western Norway University of Applied Sciences (HVL) (NO);
  • Bocconi University (IT);
  • Joint Research Centre (BE);
  • Technical University of Denmark (DTU) (DK);
  • Flemish Institute for Technological Research (VITO) (BE);
  • European network for community-led initiatives on climate change and sustainability (ECOLISE) (BE);
  • Tartu Regional Energy Agency (TREA) (EE);
  • University of Groningen (NL);
  • European Crowdfunding Network, (BE);
  • Jagiellonian University (PL)

Project home page:

Contact person in TREA: Martin Kikas (, Ülo Kaks (, Nele Ivask (

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